Solanum torvum, Turkey Berry


Invasive Species: Solanum torvum, Turkey Berry

Turkey berry is a broadleaved, evergreen shrub or small tree that invades a variety of ecosystems in Florida. Plants can grow to 16 ft. (4.9 m) in height. The stems are armed with stout, straight, or lightly curved prickles. The alternate leaves are elliptical, 10 in. (25 cm) long, have prickles along the midvein, and star-shaped hairs underneath. Leaves range from unlobed to strongly lobed. The small, white flowers occur in large, branched …

Alhagi maurorum, Camelthorn


Invasive Species: Alhagi maurorum, Camelthorn

Camelthorn is an invasive perennial shrub that grows 2 to 3 ft. (0.6 to 0.9 m) tall. The simple, entire leaves are oval to lance shaped and are alternate along the stem. Small, pealike flowers are produced in June to August. These brown to maroon flowers extend from sharp, yellow spines that are 1 to 2 in. (2.5 to 5 cm) in length and located along the rigid branches. Seedpods are constricted between the …

Spiraea japonica, Japanese Spirea


Invasive Species: Spiraea japonica, Japanese Spirea

Japanese spirea is a small, deciduous shrub that grows up to 6 ft (1.8 m) tall and invades a variety of habitats throughout the Eastern United States. The alternate leaves are oval to lance shaped, toothed along the margins, and 1 to 3 in. (2.5 to 7.6 cm) long. In late spring, white to pink flowers occur in clusters at the tips of branches. Japanese spirea invades a variety of habitats, including fields, …

Poncirus trifoliata, Trifoliate Orange


Invasive Species: Poncirus trifoliata, Trifoliate Orange

Trifoliate orange is an invasive deciduous shrub or small tree that grows from 8 to 30 ft (2.4 to 9.1 m) in height. The leaves are alternate, compound (trifoliate), and up to 2 in. (5.1 cm) long and have winged petioles. The twigs are green with stout thorns that are 1 in. (2.5 cm) long. The bark is conspicuously green striped. Spring flowers are white, five-petaled, 1 to 2 in. (2.5 to 5.1 …

Berberis vulgaris, Common Barberry


Invasive Species: Berberis vulgaris, Common Barberry

Common barberry is an invasive deciduous shrub that can reach 13 ft. (4 m) in height. The leaves, which occur in clusters of two to five, are oval, 3/4 in. to 2 in. (2 to 5 cm) long, 1/4 to 3/4 in. (1 to 2 cm) wide, and serrate. Each cluster of leaves is subtended by a short, three-branched spine. Flowering occurs in May to June, when yellow flowers that are less than …

Ardisia elliptica, Shoebutton Ardisia


Invasive Species: Ardisia elliptica, Shoebutton Ardisia

Shoebutton ardisia is an invasive tall shrub or small tree that can reach a height of 20 ft. (6.1 m). The leathery leaves are 3 to 6 in. (7.6 to 15.2 cm) long, 1 in. (2.5 cm) wide, elliptical, and entire. Most flowering occurs in the summer, but flowering can continue year-round. The flowers are small, pink, and star-shaped and hang in clusters from the axils of the leaves. The berrylike fruit contains …